Nutrition in Garlic
Garlic cultivation necessitates frequent fertilizer applications to achieve optimal yields and the production of large, high-quality bulbs.
To ensure appropriate nutrition, it is important to supply the crop with both macro and micronutrient elements. This can be accomplished through the application of basal and foliar fertilizers.
Basal fertilizers, such as DAP and CAN, are absorbed by the crop through the roots, while foliar feeds like OPTIMIZER and GOLDCHANCE are absorbed through the crop’s foliage.
Before planting, it is advisable to conduct a soil analysis to determine the existing nutrient levels. Depending on the organic matter content of the soil, additional manure may be added.
FERTILIZER APPLICATION SCHEDULE
The crop requires varying levels and compositions of nutrients at different stages of growth. Achieving optimal results heavily relies on precise timing.
Early growth stage
This stage refers to the period starting from planting and lasting for approximately 2-3 weeks after the cloves have sprouted.
To encourage uniform sprouting and overcome dormancy, it is recommended to saturate the planting site with OPTIMIZER at a ratio of 20ml per 20 liters of water.
For promoting robust early growth, maximizing root development, facilitating shoot growth, and supplying essential nutrients to the young crop, spraying it with GOLDCHANCE SUPER START at a ratio of 50g per 20 liters, or LAVENDER at a ratio of 20ml per 20 liters, or VITABOR GOLD at a ratio of 30ml per 20 liters, or PLANT SOUL at a ratio of 20ml per 20 liters is advisable.
During this stage, the application of DAP (Diammonium phosphate) is of utmost importance.
During this period, the crop is in an active growth phase and is engaged in the process of photosynthesis to accumulate sufficient resources for utilization during bulbing.
To ensure continuous growth and development, maintain robust and healthy leaf growth, and prevent limitations in photosynthetic activity, it is recommended to spray the crop with GOLDCHANCE SUPER GROWTH at a ratio of 50g per 20 liters, or LEGENDARY at a ratio of 40ml per 20 liters, or LAVENDER at a ratio of 20ml per 20 liters.
The size of the bulb is primarily determined by the overall health of the green leaves or tops at the time of bulb maturity.
Top dressing is typically carried out using CAN (Calcium ammonium nitrate), although other basal fertilizers such as NPK 23:23:0 can also be applied during this stage.
This stage encompasses the formation, development, and maturation of the bulbs. To achieve the best results, it is crucial to supply the crop with sufficient nutrients during this period.
Spraying the crop with GOLDCHANCE SUPER FLOWERS & FRUITS at a ratio of 50g per 20 liters, or LEGENDARY at a ratio of 40ml per 20 liters, or DIMIPHITE at a ratio of 20ml per 20 liters, or GREENPHITE at a ratio of 50ml per 20 liters, or VITABOR GOLD assists in:
- Sustaining leaf growth
- Supporting early growth and bulb development
- Maximizing the dry matter content and overall quality of the bulbs
- Maintaining bulb firmness and size
- Ensuring ripening and early maturity
- Enhancing the storage quality of the bulbs
During this stage, it is recommended to apply potassium-rich basal fertilizers like NPK 17:17:17.
- Throughout all stages, spray the crop with OPTIMIZER at a ratio of 10ml per 20 liters. This organic seaweed biostimulant promotes crop growth and aids in stress management.
- When using basal fertilizers (e.g., DAP, CAN, etc.) and manure, mix them with HUMIPOWER at a rate of 1kg of Humipower per 50kg of fertilizer or 1 ton of manure. HUMIPOWER serves as an excellent soil amendment and fertilizer blend.
- When applying foliar fertilizers, always mix them with INTEGRA at a ratio of 3ml per 20 liters. INTEGRA acts as a sticker, spreader, and penetrant, enhancing the absorption of the fertilizer by the crop’s foliage.
- The timing of fertilizer application significantly impacts crop yields. Proper timing increases yields, reduces nutrient losses, enhances nutrient use efficiency, and prevents environmental damage.
- Continuously monitor the overall performance of the crop while repeating foliar sprays on a weekly basis.