Physical appearance/Characteristics

Adult bedbugs come in light to reddish brown colors. They have a flat, almond-shaped body and no wings in the back.

Their abdomen is divided into segments and has tiny hairs, giving them a striped look.

When fully grown, adults measure about 4-5mm in length and 1.5-3mm in width.

Newly hatched bedbug nymphs are see-through and lighter in color. As they grow and molt, they become darker. If a nymph consumes blood at any stage, it turns bright red with a translucent abdomen. After a few hours, the abdomen fades to brown and eventually becomes a solid black after two days.

When squashed, bedbugs release an unpleasant smell.

Feeding

Bedbugs are blood-sucking insects that rely on human blood for their nourishment. They prefer warm environments and commonly inhabit beds, bedding, and other sleeping areas.

A bedbug uses its beak, known as a stylet fascicle, to pierce the host’s skin. It moves the stylet back and forth, creating a path through the tissue to find an appropriate blood vessel. Pressure from the vessel fills the bug with blood in approximately 3-5 minutes until it becomes fully engorged.

After feeding, the bedbug retracts and folds its stylet under its head. It then returns to its hiding place to mate and avoid being crushed. It will not feed again until it completes its molting process or fully digests the blood meal.

Bedbugs prefer biting exposed areas of the skin, particularly the face, neck, and arms of a person who is sleeping.

Indications of bedbug infestation

  • Presence of dark brown or black fecal stains on bedding, mattresses, or surfaces.
  • Blood stains on your bedding.
  • Shed skins, exoskeletons, or shells left behind by bedbugs.

Signs and symptoms of bedbug bites

  • Bedbug bites typically cause swelling without a red spot. However, if multiple bugs feed on a small area, reddish spots may appear after the swelling subsides.
  • Skin rashes.
  • Allergic reactions with varying degrees of sensitivity, ranging from extreme to no reactions at all, such as burning and itching.

Control/Treatment

Common bed bugs typically hide in mattresses, bed frames, and headboards. They may also seek refuge in cracks or other protected spots within your home. If you want to prevent their bites and minimize their impact, the best solution is to eliminate these troublesome pests.

To effectively eradicate bed bugs, you can use a product called Spray Navigator 200SC. Mix 50mls of the spray with 5 liters of water. Make sure to thoroughly apply the mixture to the hiding areas we mentioned earlier. This will help you target the bugs at all stages of their growth, including their eggs. For best results, repeat the spraying process after 7 days.

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