Dear farmers,

Climate change happens when the Earth’s weather patterns change for a long time. It affects different parts of our planet like the air, water, ice, plants, and land. We usually use the term “climate change” to talk about global warming.

Global warming mostly comes from what people do, not from natural things. This causes different things to happen that affect climate change. For example, living things play a part by moving carbon and water around and by doing things like making clouds and breaking down rocks.

People are mostly responsible for climate change. The strange weather we see, like seasons being different or droughts and heavy rains lasting a long time, is mostly because of what people do. The biggest reasons for this are pollution from burning fuels like coal and oil, tiny particles in the air, and carbon dioxide released when we make cement.

Other things like how we use land, build cities, raise animals, cut down forests, and damage the ozone layer also change the weather in smaller areas and add to climate changes.

Even the way the Earth moves around the sun can change how sunlight is spread out during the year and where it shines the most.

Thank you, farmers, for your important work in dealing with and lessening the effects of climate change.

Effects of climate change

Over the years, the variations in seasons and climate have had an impact on the growth of plants. These changes have influenced the carbon cycle, which in turn affects how quickly dead leaves and plants decompose. It also alters the timing of when flowers bloom and fruits ripen, and disrupts natural cycles. Additionally, crops have been negatively affected, resulting in reduced yields and an increase in pests and diseases.

The genetic resources found in forests have also been affected. The diversity of these genetic resources has been disrupted, leading to changes in the distribution and composition of different tree species. This poses a threat to the survival of indigenous species, putting them at risk of extinction.

As for animals, both marine and land-dwelling vertebrates have experienced a significant decline of 58%.

Overall, human activities have become a serious threat to life on Earth. These activities include the alteration of ecosystems, which has a direct impact on food production and the availability of water. The rising sea levels and other climatic factors are also causing the displacement of both humans and wildlife, further exacerbating the situation.

Mitigation

It is important to prevent further changes in the climate and to adapt to the changes that are already happening. We can do this by using modern technology and seeds, as well as by developing new methods for breeding crops and livestock. In the future, we may also need to consider climate engineering techniques to help manage the effects of climate change.

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